Bear hunting is the most dangerous and most prestigious hunt in our country, which always leaves many bright impressions. Bear is the most attractive and coveted trophy, which is very difficult to get even for an experienced hunter. When meeting with the bear, everything is decided by the strength of spirit, courage, composure, and hunter’s accuracy.
Here’s a look at this guide:
- Bear hunting on oats
- Hunting for a bear with huskies
- Bear hunting with the approach
- Hunting for a bear on a wedding
- Hunting for a bear in a den
- Spring bear hunt
The success of bear hunting depends on good planning, careful preparation and the right method of hunting. Let’s talk about it in more detail.
About the Bear
Hunting a bear is not an easy task; to successfully hunt this smart and strong beast, you need to know about it as much as possible. The bear is the largest predatory animal in our forests; the average weight of the bear is about 200 kg.
The bear looks clunky in appearance, but this impression is deceptive. It can run fast, reaching speeds of 50 km/h, which is comparable to the speed of a horse or elk. The bear can make long jumps, swims perfectly, climbs trees well. The bear has great physical strength. With one blow of his paw, he can break the ridge of a boar or an elk. Each bear and the male, and the female has its own area, which bears mark with smell marks and “bullying,” special scratches left with claws on the trees. The bullies can determine the size of the bear that left them.
The bear has a well-developed sense of smell and hearing; the sight of the bear developed much worse. The bear is active throughout the day, but the period of its maximum activity is morning and evening.
From October to March, the bear hibernates, for this lies in the den. The bear sleeps a little, and if the bear is disturbed or runs out of subcutaneous fat, the bear can leave the den, turning into a marquee. The shotguns are very dangerous. Because of hunger, they attack all living things, even people. Shotguns, as a rule, do not live to spring.
Previously, hunting a bear in a den was allowed. Now it is prohibited at the legislative level.
The mating period begins with the bear in May-June, depending on the region. Bear cubs appear in the bear’s den, most often in the first half of January. Bear with cubs poses the greatest danger to humans. As it protects its offspring from death, a chance encounter with it can become deadly.
Bear hunting on oats
Bear hunting on oatsBear hunting on oats nowadays is the main way of mining this beast. Hunting a bear on oats is the best hunt for a hunter for the first time hunting this beast. Most often, the hunt for a bear on oats is carried out by organized hunting farms, with the hunt ranger leads the hunter to the oat field with the storage shed installed on it, the task of the hunter is reduced only to sit on the storage shed a couple of evenings and in time to make a sharp shot at the animal. In good hunting farms, such oat fields are specially sown near the forest. Some hunters hunt for bears on oats, organize and conduct themselves, and believe that it is more difficult and interesting.
For hunting in the autumn-summer period, namely in mid-August, some hunters use sown fields of oats to hunt bears. At this time, the oats reach milk ripeness, and animals often search for goodies. It is not difficult to find bear trails, even for an inexperienced hunter. On the trail, you can understand in which area about will appear bear, and to the shot was the most accurate, used special devices, which are called storage sheds. These are wooden decking that is found in the trees (something like a viewing point). In total, at least two storage sheds should be built, which are located at different points. A lot of attention should be paid to the quality of the design. It should be powerful and be at a high altitude. The steps of the stairs should not creak, and the free space at the top should be enough for a comfortable pastime for a few hours.
Bear through an omnivorous animal, but before long winter hibernation, bear need to gain a reserve of fat, it depends on the survival of the bear in winter. Eating oats bear quickly gains weight, so oat fields are so attractive to him. A good oat field near the forest bears will visit from year to year, and the hunter will easily find traces of bearish presence on it.
The bear is fed on oat fields from August to September for about 15 days. The bear loves the stage of milk-wax ripeness of oats. The hunter can easily notice traces of the fact that a bear visits the oat field:
- The oats are dried, not eaten completely, as livestock does.
- There are often heaps of bear droppings on the field.
- At the point of the animal’s exit to the oat field, one or more “catalogs” can be found, that is, the place where the bear rolls on the ground, having previously ored its urine.
- During feeding, the bear leaves a smelly trail on the field.
Before hunting, you need to study the area adjacent to the oat field, calculate feed routes, determine the place of the bear’s exit on the field.
The storage shed is then set up.
- LaPaz is being built long before the start of the hunting season.
- A reliable, strong tree with a thick crown is chosen. A thick crown is needed so that the storage shed was not visible. Otherwise, the bear will stop walking on the field.
- The lab should be arranged at an altitude of at least 5 meters. It should be remembered that the injured bear is extremely dangerous while perfectly climbing the trees.
- It is better to bring a log to construct a storage shed rather than use locally improvised materials.
- The lab can be made in the simplest design: three wooden sticks (for legs, seats, and backs), but it is better if it will be as comfortable as possible because sometimes you have to wait long enough for a bear. At a minimum, it is desirable to make a pillow for the seat and some sides so as not to fall from the storage shed in the dark.
- It is best to arrange a storage shed at some distance from where the bear goes out on the field. Ideally, the storage shed should allow you to view the entire field.
When hunting a bear on oats, for the hunt to be successful hunter must comply with some rules:
- Take place on the storage shed you need long before the expected exit of the bear on the field to weather the smell of sweat coming from you. Climb the storage shed. You need to quietly and carefully.
- Remember that the bear primarily focuses on smell and hearing. Before hunting for a bear: do not shave, do not smoke, do not drink alcohol, do not use any cosmetics and perfumes (deodorants, colognes), do not eat foods with a sharp smell (onion, garlic). Clothes and shoes are carefully ventilated so that they do not come from any smells; it is even better to withstand your clothes and shoes in a bag with mint and spruce branches.
- Adult bears go to the oat field around 8 p.m.; some may come out earlier, very young bears can be fed even during the day.
- Shots often have to perform in poor light conditions; it is desirable to use a night vision sight or thermal imaging.
- The bear will be fed on the field for about half an hour; the hunter should not hurry with the shot; you need to let the beast to the closest possible distance and only then produce an accurate, accurate shot.
- When firing a smooth-bore shotgun, the maximum distance of a shot on a bear is 30-40 meters; when firing a rifled weapon, the maximum distance of shooting at the bear is up to 100 meters.
- You can only shoot if you are convinced that it is really a bear and not a domestic beast or an even scarier person.
- The best bear slaughter spots are the heart area, which is located at the level of the bends of the front paws. Some hunters shoot the bear in the neck or under the shoulder blade. Shooting the bear in the head is useless; they bear a strong, cone-shaped skull when the bullet hits the bulletin, passes on a tangent, and does not cause the beast serious damage.
- If the first shot did not put the bear in place, you need to make the second immediately, and if necessary, then the following. The injured bear is extremely dangerous; it can quickly run away even with serious injuries.
- You can’t chase a wounded bear alone. It is better to look for the injured bear the next day by a group of hunters with dogs.
- Approach the carcass of the killed bear should be extremely careful and only after being convinced that the bear is really dead.
Hunting for a bear with huskies
Hunting a bear with huskies is another way of hunting this beast. Usually, two or three barks are used for hunting with huskies on a bear. The best time for such hunting is late autumn when the bear is preparing to go into hibernation; at this time, it becomes clumsy, and the huskies easier to cope with it.
Hunter goes around with dogs places where bears feed: rich berry trees, swamps. Dogs nail a fresh trail of the bear and on it find the beast. The task of barking is to find the bear and keep the bear in place until the hunter approaches.
When hunting with huskies, the bear rarely stops the dogs; the hunter determines the dog’s location by barking at the dog and tries to follow the dogs at some distance. When the bear gets tired, he tries to drive away from the dogs, becoming for this on the hind legs, sits on the ground, or leans back to the tree.
Laiki can not cause the bear serious harm; they attack the bear in turn, inflicting painful bites on him. It is better when the dogs are two or three; one husky can not effectively hold the bear, and when barking somewhat, they coordinate their actions without giving the bear a minute’s respite.
Dogs try to keep him in this state until the hunter’s approach. While the bear is busy with huskies and does not pay any other attention, the hunter approaches the bear at the shot’s distance.
You can shoot at the bear only when he is clearly visible to the hunter, trying in any case not to touch the barking shot. A good hunter knows how difficult it is to grow and teach a good husky and not risk her life.
Bear is a dangerous enemy for dogs; with one blow of his paw, he can easily kill the husky. It is not recommended to use inexperienced barks on the bear hunt. The danger of the hunter being left without huskies is too great.
Laiki can help the hunter not only when hunting a bear but also when catching a wounded animal. The injured bear is extremely dangerous for humans and can suddenly attack him at any moment. Good huskies are irreplaceable in this situation. On the one hand, they will track down the wounded bear in his tracks. On the other hand, a loud bark will warn the hunter about the danger.
Bear hunting with the approach
Bear hunting with the approach is the most difficult way of hunting this beast, suitable only for the most experienced hunters. Such hunting imposes high requirements on the hunter: the ability to shoot well, to observe endurance and composure, the ability not to give out his presence with sound or smell.
Hunting for the bear from the approach is that the hunter silently moves through the forest, in which many small forage areas suitable for the bear and finding the bear come to him as close as possible and produce an accurate shot on it.
Move through the forest as slowly and quietly as possible, trying not to make any sound. When approaching the bear, the beast is alert, stops eating, drives his nose and ears, listens, should freeze, and continues the approach only when the bear calms down and eats.
The bear is alarmed by any knock or rustle. It happens that not far from the bear soars bird, he freezes and listens carefully and sniffs. The bear can be heard distinguishing, cracked the under the foot of a man or a beast. In addition, the bear has a well-developed sense of smell, so when approaching the animal, it must take into account the direction of the wind so that the smell of the hunter does not spread in the direction of the bear.
You can only shoot at a well-visible target. It should be remembered that the injured bear is extremely dangerous for humans, and there is no one to hope for.
Bear hunting from the approach can be carried out not only on fodder places in the forest but also on oat fields. In this case, the hunter is not on the storage shed and the ground, trying to approach the bear at the shot’s distance silently.
Hunting for a bear on a wedding
Hunting a bear at a wedding is another way of hunting a bear. The hunter pre-selecting a place lays out the bait, which most often uses the carcass of a cow. The sit-down is built by a hunter 20-30 meters from the carcass. The hunter sits down and waits for the arrival of the bear.
When hunting a bear at the wedding, the following principles should be observed:
- A good place for such hunting oat fields, on which the bear goes to feed oats. You can also arrange a garden on the apiary or an abandoned garden, where the bear began to visit.
- It is better to layout the Prado until the first snow; the snow left in the snow bear may not be suitable.
- You can use a fallen cow as slaughter or use a carcass, such as an elk killed by a bear. The bear does not like fresh meat, preferring meat “with a soul.” Getting the loot, he waits for the meat to come. The bear fills the carcass with leaves, grass and waits for it to mature.
- The bear often tries to drag the carcass closer to its den or drag it into the bushes so that it does not happen. It is nailed by thick stakes to the ground or tied to a tree.
- The Sabado is checked every day; if there are bear tracks, you can sit in a sit-down. A sign that the bear is sure to come to the priva is that the bear “folded” the carcass, that is, rolled the carcass in half.
- The sit-down should be done on a tree near the privada. The sit-down should be convenient. The hunter will have to spend many hours. The sit-down should open a good view of the privado. The bear can appear from any side, most often unexpectedly.
- The bigger the bear, the bolder it is. The big bear quickly goes to the wedding. He is more likely to attack the person.
- The bear comes to the pre-ada at dusk, in autumn most often at dawn, in spring more often at sunset.
- Shot on the bear should be accurate and on the spot; shooting remembers that the wounded bear is extremely dangerous for both the hunter and others.
Hunting for a bear in a den
In most regions of our country, bears are hibernating even before the first snow covers the ground. The exception to the rule is the years when winter comes in November. As a rule, hunters begin to find dens in the second half of winter, using specially trained dogs. As soon as the target is detected, it is necessary to carefully take the snow around the den so that in case of emergency, do not get stuck in a snowdrift, after which it is necessary to take a position for shooting no closer than 12 meters from the entrance to the dwelling. As soon as everything is ready, hunters lower the dogs with a leash around the den and bark. The real chaos begins, and the bear wakes up. If you do not have hunting dogs, the second hunter will have to wake up the bear. However, it should be done with extreme caution, putting a long stick in the den.
When hunting a bear in a den, hunters observe the following principles:
- To carry out such a hunt first, you need to find the den itself. They usually do it in the fall. Find a den even an experienced hunter is not easy; the bear carefully masks its wintering place.
- Bears males are more unpretentious in the construction of dens; they can just throw a few armfuls of old grass and leaves under the fallen tree, fall there and wait for it to be covered with snow. Bears approach the construction of the den more thoroughly. The bear digs the den neatly, the entrance to the den she leaves small so that only climbed her head. It lines the floor of the den torn by dry spruce branches and grass. The entrance to the den closes with a beam of dry grass.
- The dug den never has traces of the dug earth. The bears carefully remove it so as not to demask the lair itself.
- A sign that the den is somewhere nearby is large tattered areas of torn moss, which the bear uses to arrange dens.
- When searching for dens on the first snow, when the bear has not yet gone into hibernation, use traces of the bear itself.
- The hunt for the bear in the den begins in January when the bear is already hibernating.
- Most often, hunt at least three. One hunter is responsible for dogs, the other two – arrows.
- In complete silence, the den is approached at dawn, trying not to frighten the bear so that it did not jump out before time. The arrows become about 10 meters from the den, at a distance of 5-6 meters from each other. Dogs are allowed to be raised by the beast. If the bear does not react to the barking of dogs, he is disturbed by the “hedgehog,” a stick with partially chopped branches.
- When the bear jumps out of the den, it is impossible to predict its behavior; it can rush towards the nearest shooter or try to run away to the side; also, he can focus on the dogs, ignoring people.
- When shooting, you need to be extremely careful not to get into people or dogs.
- The golden rule of hunting on the lair: the raised animal must be mined. Otherwise, such a bear raised from the den becomes a marquee, posing a danger to people. Therefore, if the bear has left the hunters from the den, it is raided. Many people, who are divided into groups, take a round-up to organize the round-up. Some people semicircle chase the bear on the line of shooters, the other part – arrows, shoots the bear attacking them.
Spring bear hunt: deadlines and rules
Not so long ago, around the middle of the twentieth century, the hunting of a Russian bear was a public activity that could be held at any time of the year. However, to date, certain deadlines for hunting a bear have been set. In the Perm region, you can go to the clubfoot between April 1 and May 30. It is also worth considering some federal amendments that the heads can make of districts. The duration of bear hunting in the Kostroma region is limited to the period from August 1 to November 30 and from April 5 to May 15.
Do not forget that, according to the law, every hunter must have a license and a registered weapon. Also, according to the new hunting rules, some regions of Russia may be prohibited from shooting bears due to their small number. More information will always be provided at the local law center to license different samples’ licenses.
Also, the government of each region has the right to annually change not only the prescribed terms of hunting for brown bears but also other rules governing the shooting of wild animals. This is done to not cause great harm to the population of wild animals in the region. All changes in the law should be monitored on state portals.
The bear hunting season may not be just the spring season. The most active season is the period from the beginning of August to the end of October. Plus, the predator does not represent a special trophy value in the spring because he just got out of hibernation and did not have time to gain weight. Hunting in the winter season also has several restrictions according to the rules of hunting of the Russian Federation. Only hunting a brown bear in a den is possible. It is worth noting that the extraction of the bear in winter is considered a native Russian occupation. It has huge popularity among hunters of our country.
How to make a good shot?
As a rule, the bear goes out on the field at sunset or even at night. It will be tough to make a successful shot at this time of day, but the extraction will not notice the hunter. In addition, the review from the storage shed is not always enough to understand where the mower is coming from. In the dark, the silhouette of a bear can be confused with a large pet or even a human. Therefore, it is recommended not to shoot, as long as you do not make sure that in front of you is exactly a bear. Professional hunters recommend getting a sniper sight with a night vision device. Such a unit will make it much easier to aim, especially at night.
Weapons for hunting
Bear hunters are advised to use a well-trained weapon with rounded ammunition, as a mistake can cost you your life. Even the slightest chance of misfire, for example, because of a bloated casing, can lead to sad consequences. Therefore, all equipment must be checked by the hunter himself before leaving.
The best way to hunt a Russian bear is a long-range carbine type “Tiger,” SVT, or a sniper rifle Mosin. And the presence of optical sight is almost an unspoken rule. It is best to use a weapon to fire at close range during a round-up, such as a conventional two-barrel shotgun or a trim. Also, when choosing weapons, it is necessary to consider the features of the area in which the hunt will be conducted. For example, in the conditions of the mountains in the Baikal, the sniper rifle will be much more effective than the best shotgun.